By Zoe Samuel on April 25, 2018
World War Two ended in 1945 with the absolute victory of the Allies - Britain, America, France, Russia - over the Axis powers of Germany, Japan, and Italy. However, that victory was hard-fought and much of the continent was left in ruins. With communist Russia asserting itself on the eastern borders of the continent, it was only a matter of time before a new order sprung up that led to the Cold War and a frozen or declining quality of life for millions. However at the same time, western Europe became the most prosperous place on Earth, with its defense guaranteed by the friendly superpower of America and its quality of life skyrocketing.
This was a time of peace, plenty, innovation, and prosperity. Democracy appeared very stable, and by the '80s people were talking about "the end of history," as if to suggest that a way of life so obviously superior could never be threatened. By the end of the Cold War, the hubris reached a peak, and was then shattered as Europe began to face a resurgent Russia and a chaotic Middle East. With climate change and war in Africa sending millions of migrants north, the future of the continent is unclear. We know only that it will be different - but doubtless just as exciting. Let's see how well you know the last 70 years!