The Women of the Civil War Quiz

By: Gavin Thagard
Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

Women played a major role in the outcome of the Civil War. How much do you know about their contributions?

Who was Abraham Lincoln's wife?

Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th president of the United States on November 06, 1860. When he was elected, Mary Todd Lincoln became the 16th First Lady of the United States.

Who wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin?

Stowe's novel depicted the horrors of slavery and reached a wide audience. According to speculation, Abraham Lincoln said the novel started the Civil War.

Did women fight in the Civil War?

Women often served as nurses and spies during the war, but a few women dressed themselves as men so that they could fight.

Who worked around the house for wealthy Southern women before the war?

Southern women lived a life of ease before the war broke out, but when their husbands left to fight, many of these women were forced perform duties they were not used to.

Which side did Rose O'Neal Greenhow fight for?

Rose O'Neal Greenhow was a spy for the Confederacy. Through her efforts, she helped the Confederacy win the First Battle of Bull Run.

Who was Lucretia Mott?

Lucretia Mott was an abolitionist who saw slavery as evil. When the war ended, she continued to fight for women's suffrage and was elected as the first president of the American Equal Rights Association.

What did Louisa May Alcott do during the war?

Louisa May Alcott was a volunteer nurse during the Civil War. After the war was over, she wrote her famous book called Little Women.

Which was NOT a reason for the Civil War?

The Civil War was fought for many reasons. The most prominent reason was slavery, which forced everyone in the country to take a side.

What did Elizabeth Cady Stanton fight for?

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an advocate for equality. She fought for both the rights of women and blacks, including the right to vote.

How did Southern women encourage men to support secession?

Southern women knew the importance of duty in the South, and they encouraged their husbands to fight for the Southern way of life, which they believed was being threatened.

Who was the wife of Jefferson Davis?

Varina Davis was the second wife of Jefferson Davis. When the South seceded and Jefferson Davis became the Confederate president, Varina became the First Lady of the Confederacy.

Where was Marie Tepe from?

Marie Tepe enlisted in the Union army beside her husband, Bernardo Tepe. Since she was from France, she was known as French Mary.

Where was the Siege of Vicksburg?

The Siege of Vicksburg was difficult for every Southern person in the city, including women. Women struggled to survive as they ran out of food and supplies. Not to mention, they were often in close proximity to enemy fire.

Who provided clothing and supplies to wounded soldiers after the Battle fo Gettysburg?

The battle of Gettysburg left thousands wounded after it was over. With a sense of responsibility, Lydia Hamilton Smith traveled the battlefield, providing clothing and supplies to soldiers, even soldiers from the Confederacy.

Who returned to the South to rescue slaves?

Harriet Tubman returned several times to the South to rescue slaves. During the Civil War, she served as a spy and a scout for the Union army because of her knowledge of the land.

What made life difficult for the wives of poor Southern farmers?

While wealthy Southern families had slaves to help care for their land while the men were off fighting in the war, the wives of poor farmers were forced to care for the land themselves. With no help, these women often faced starvation.

Where did Robert E. Lee's family live when war broke out?

Once Robert E. Lee knew war was inevitable, he told his wife, Mary Anna Custis Lee, to leave their home in Virginia and travel elsewhere but to keep quiet about where she went. After the war ended, she returned only once to visit their old home.

What did Harriet Tubman carry to keep slaves from returning to their plantation once they escaped with her?

After a slave agreed to run away with Harriet Tubman, she refused to allow them to return to their plantation because it threatened the entire group. She would even hold a pistol to their head if she had to.

Which of the following was Frederick Douglass NOT known for?

Although Frederick Douglass fought for the freedom and rights of African Americans, he was also an advocate of women's rights. He believed both causes went hand in hand in many ways.

Which did the South have more of?

Due to their agricultural economy, the South was far more spread out and less industrialized than the North. Often, Southern women were required to make supplies for Southern soldiers in their own homes. Some women even nursed soldiers back to health in their homes.

Who is known for leading a Union army from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia?

Women in Georgia suffered greatly on Sherman's March to the Sea, as he burned many of their homes and stole their food. However, this usually did not deter them from supporting the Southern cause.

Which prison was known for its poor conditions?

Women often disguised themselves as men to fight in the war. Although the numbers are few, some of these women were captured and sent to Andersonville Prison. On record, at least one baby was born at Andersonville to a prisoner.

Which Southern spy married her captor?

Antonia Ford was arrested for spying for the Confederacy. She pledged her allegiance back to the Union and married her captor, Joseph Willard.

What is Clara Barton known for founding?

Clara Barton served as a nurse during the Civil War. After the war ended, she traveled the country and spoke on the horrors that she witnessed. She went on to found the American Red Cross.

Who was a spy for the Union?

As a slave for the family of Jefferson Davis, Mary Bowser worked in the Confederate White House. During the Civil War, she relayed information to the Union.

Where was Pickett's charge?

Robert E. Lee ordered Pickett to lead his soldiers on a charge to capture Cemetery Ridge, even though success was virtually impossible. At least one woman participated in Pickett's charge, and she was killed with the other men.

Who was the superintendent of women nurses for the Union army?

As the superintendent, Dorothea Lynde Dix was responsible for nurses during the Civil War. She initiated standards and guidlines that nurses were required to follow, which provided nurses with a universal approach when it came to their job.

Who was the 18th First Lady of the United States?

The 1868 election pitted Ulysses S. Grant against Horatio Seymour. Grant was widely popular and won by a large margin in the electoral college.

Who was the 17th First Lady of the United States?

When Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, Andrew Johnson became the 17th president of the United States. His wife, Eliza, suffered from tuberculosis and was often bedridden during his presidency.

What was the main cause of death during the war?

Nurses did their best to prevent death on the battlefield during the Civil War, but they could not stop the spread of diseases that ravished camps on both sides.

What did Pauline Cushman do before the war?

Pauline Cushman was an actress who toasted Jefferson Davis as a prank, but she gained Confederate support for the act. Seen as a Confederate sympathizer, the Union used her as a spy.

Who was the first woman executed by the United States government?

Mary Surratt conspired with John Wilkes Booth to assassinate Abraham Lincoln. On July 7, 1865, she became the first woman to be executed by the United States government after being found guilty of helping assist in the assassination.

Who is the only woman to receive the Medal of Honor?

Mary Edwards Walker served as a nurse during the Civil War. She often ventured into enemy territory to help wounded soldiers and was captured during one of these trips. For her bravery, she was awarded the Medal of Honor.

Who continued to live as a man after the war?

Jennie Hodgers joined the Union army under the name Albert Cashier. When the war ended, she continued to live by the name until her identity was discovered in 1913 while she was at a hospital for the insane.

Where was Belle Boyd from?

Belle Boyd was a Confederate spy during the war. Although she was arrested several times, she was always set free and continued her activities.

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