How Well Do You Know Medical Science?

By: J.P. Naomi
Image: shutterstock

About This Quiz

How do you maintain your health? How do you prevent and treat disease? Take the ultimate quiz to test your skills on all of the branches of medical science!

Medical science deals with the maintenance of _______ and the prevention and treatment of disease.

There are numerous branches of medical science. Each branch focuses on a different function and anatomy within the human body.

This is the area of medicine that deals with the heart and the diseases that affect it...

Cardiology includes the medical diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases. These include congenital heart defects, heart failure, and valvular heart disease.

The study of disease is known as __________.

Pathology refers to the study of diseases in general. A physician who practices pathology is called a pathologist.

This is the study of drugs and their actions...

A drug is defined as any man-made, natural or endogenous molecule which exerts a biochemical or physiological effect on the tissue, organ, cell or organism.

Neuroscience is related to the study of the ______ system.

The nervous system is the part of a body that coordinates its actions and transmits signals to and from the various parts of the body.

_________ is the study of microorganisims.

Microbiology includes the study of protozoa, bacteria, fungi and viruses.

Endocrinology is the study of ________.

Endocrinology is the branch of biology that deals with hormones and their effect throughout the body. Diseases to the endocrine system include diabetes, thyroid disease and androgen excess.

________ refers to the study of the immune system.

The study of the immune system was boosted by Russian biologist Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov. He was a zoologist as well.

What is the study of genes and their role in biological inheritance?

Genetics refer to trait inheritance and molecular inheritance mechanisms from one person to another.

What is the microscopic study of individual cells?

Cytology comes from the Greek word kytos, meaning vessel. It studies the different structures and functions of the cell.

__________ is the study of early development of organisms.

Embryology studies the prenatal development of gametes, fertilization and development of embryos and fetuses.

This is the study of congenital disorders that occur before birth:

Teratology is the study of abnormalities of physiological development. It includes non-birth developmental stages as well, including puberty.

To study the microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues makes you a __________.

There are four basic types of tissues that histologists study. They include muscle tissue, nervous tissue, connective tissue and epithelial tissue.

If you want to study blood, you should study __________.

Hematology comes from the Greek word "haima" meaning blood. To study it means to study the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases related to blood.

To study _________ means that you are focused on the digestive system of the human body.

Gastroenterologists usually complete about eight years of pre-medical and medical education, a year-long internship, three years of internal medicine residency, and two to three years in a gastroenterology fellowship.

If you are a pediatrician, you treat _______.

Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that focuses on infants, children and adolescents, usually up to the age of 18.

Make sure you like feet if you want to be one of these...

Podiatry refers to the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders to the foot, ankle and lower extremities.

This is the study of the human kidney...

Nephrology comes from the Greek word "nephros" meaning kidney. This includes the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy.

This is the form of medical care that focuses on elderly people:

The term geriatrics refers to the Greek words Geron meaning 'old man' and iatros meaning 'healer'. Though the care is for women too!

Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with ___________.

Oncologists work to help prevent, diagnose and treat all forms of cancer. Within each type of cancer there are deeper specialties of oncologists.

You should get an annual skin check at your _______ office.

Dermatology deals with skin, nails, hair and the diseases related to them. It is recommended that all human beings limit their sun exposure and visit the dermatologist annually.

_______ is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree and pancreas.

Hepatology is a sub-specialty of gastroenterology. Within hepatology there are even further specialties including doctors who specialize in drug overdose, jaundice, hepatitis and ascites.

If you need an X-ray, you would head to the _________ department.

Radiology uses medical imaging to diagnose and treat diseases in the body. Various techniques include radiography, ultrasound, and computed tomography.

If you have lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, you should visit the ________.

Rheumatology is a sub-specialty in internal medicine. It is focused on the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases such as psoriatic arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis.

_______ is the study of the respiratory tract.

Pulmonology is derived from the Latin word pulmonis meaning 'lung'. It is known as chest medicine.

Urology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the male and female __________.

Urology comes from the Greek word ouron meaning 'urine.' There is also a focus on the male reproductive system as well.

_______ studies the adverse effect of chemicals on living organisms.

If someone has taken drugs or has been in an accident, the doctors may do a toxicology report to determine what chemicals are inside the body they are trying to treat.

The study of patterns, causes and effects of health and disease in particular populations is called __________.

Epidemiologists help with study design, collection and statistical analysis of data. They help the world understand different risk factors and reasons behind disease in particular populations and locations.

This is the study of the interactions of light and living organisms:

Photobiology studies photosynthesis, photomorphogenesis, visual processing, circadian rhythms, bioluminescence and ultraviolet radiation effects.

________ is the study of the eye!

Ophthalmologists study the physiology and diagnose and treat the various diseases of the eyeball. Ophthalmologists are specialists in medical and surgical eye problems.

This refers to the study and care of newborn infants:

Neonatology addresses the care of ill or premature newborn infants. Most often it is practiced in a neonatal intensive care unit.

Obstetrics and ___________ go hand in hand.

Gynecology deals with the study and treatment of medical conditions that affect women and their reproductive organs.

This is another word for oral medicine:

Stomatology, dental medicine, oral and maxillofacial medicine are all synonyms for oral medicine.

An ENT doctor specializes in the ear, nose and _______.

An ENT doctor studies and practices a very long scientific word. The word is otorhinolaryngology!

This medical specialty focuses on mental disorders:

Psychiatrists work to diagnose, study, prevent and treat mental disorders. These disorders range from abnormalities in mood, behavior, cognition and perceptions.

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