How Well Do You Know European Countries and Capitals?

Zoe Samuel

Image: shutterstock

About This Quiz

Some of the most beautiful countries in the world are in Europe - and thanks to the strong cultural history of the continent, some of the most beautiful cities are too. Europe's cities have often been burned, sacked, bombed, rebuilt and then burned, sacked, bombed and rebuilt again. They've absorbed infusions of ideas and designs from different cultures, and taken some of those ideas to remake them in the style of their current dominant culture. Some of them - especially the ones with the dubious fortune of lying on the fault lines between the major powers of Europe - have changed hands between different governments, occasionally doing so frequently enough that a single person could be born in one city and move country multiple times during his or her lifetime without ever leaving their home!

All of this ongoing change means that keeping track of which country has what city as its capital can be surprisingly confusing. Sure, we can all name the capital of France or the United Kingdom - they're in every Hollywood movie set in Europe, after all - but how about Croatia, Belarus, or Kosovo? This quiz is your chance to prove that you really know your European capitals!

What is the capital of Ireland?

Belfast is in the UK. Dublin is not. Dublin is the capital of the Republic of Ireland.

What is the capital of Norway?

Oslo is the capital of Norway and it's where the Nobel Prizes are awarded.

What is the capital of Spain?

Madrid is the capital of Spain and is about 2000 feet above sea level.

What is the capital of Slovenia?

Ljubljana is a small city, but Slovenia is a small county. It was once trapped behind the Iron Curtain.

What is the capital of Switzerland?

Bern is the capital of Switzerland, though it is not the biggest city in the nation.

What is the capital of Germany?

Berlin spent nearly 30 years divided by the Berlin Wall, but now it is one of the great economic and cultural hubs of Europe.

What is the capital of Denmark?

Copenhagen is a very important trading city with a lot of area that is under sea level, though parts of it are very hilly.

What is the capital of Poland?

Warsaw is the capital of a relatively small nation stuck between two Great Powers, meaning it gets invaded an awful lot.

What is the capital of Moldova?

Chișinău is the capital of Moldova, which is another former Soviet state that is now a democracy.

What is the capital of Kosovo?

Kosovo is one of the newest countries in Europe. It suffered invasion and genocide in the 1990s but NATO forces were able to secure it, and now it is peaceful and democratic.

What is the capital of Italy?

Rome is not just capital of Italy, it's also home to Vatican City, which is an independent country.

What is the capital of Austria?

Vienna is noted for its opera, and also for its splendid Baroque architecture.

What is the capital of the Czech Republic?

Prague is the capital of the landlocked Czech Republic and is noted for the St. Vitus Cathedral.

What is the capital of Slovakia?

Bratislava may be capital of a small country, but it sits in the third-richest region in the EU.

What is the capital of Belgium?

Brussels is the capital of the EU, Belgium, and also the home to a lovely, much-maligned little cabbage that is delicious when fried in honey and balsamic vinegar.

What is the capital of Finland?

Helsinki is one of the nicest cities in the world, in one of the nicest countries. It's surprising we don't all try to move there.

What is the capital of Estonia?

Talinn is about 5,000 years old and was probably settled by the Danes under Valdemar II.

What is the capital of Romania?

Romania's capital of Bucharest is the sixth-largest city in the EU, though it actually shrank in the last 10 years.

What is the capital of Latvia?

Riga is famous for beautiful art nouveau buildings. It is the biggest city in the Baltics.

What is the capital of Hungary?

Budapest is on the Danube. Half of it has rolling hills, and the other half is flat.

What is the capital of Lithuania?

Lithuania is the most southern of the three Baltic states and it is unique by virtue of having managed about 800 years of independent statehood.

What is the capital of Greece?

Athens is a very old city that was once capital of its own city-state. Athena was its patron, a daughter who sprang fully-formed from the brow of Zeus.

What is the capital of Turkey?

Ankara is not the biggest city in Turkey. That is Istanbul, which was once Constantinople, capital of the Ottoman Empire.

What is the capital of Montenegro?

Podgorica is near the biggest freshwater lake in Montenegro. About a third of the population of Montenegro lives there.

What is the capital of Ukraine?

Kiev is the capital of a nation under gross pressure from Russian invasion in the east. It is also the name of a lovely garlicky chicken dish.

What is the capital of Bosnia?

Sarajevo was capital of Yugoslavia and suffered a terrible war on and off in the 1990s. It is now capital of a peaceful Bosnia.

What is the capital of Liechtenstein?

Vaduz is on the Rhine River and has about 5,000 residents.

What is the capital of Portugal?

Lisbon is at least 2,700 years old and was part of the Roman Empire at one point.

What is the capital of Malta?

Birgu has been part of almost every major empire to dominate the Mediterranean. It was also heavily bombed during World War II.

What is the capital of Macedonia?

Skopje is one of only two cities in Macedonia that has more than 50,000 residents.

What is the capital of the Netherlands?

Amsterdam is 800 years old and grew out of a fishing village. It is a city of canals and reclaimed land, and is very flat.

What is the capital of Andorra?

Andorra la Vella is the capital of this tiny nation that is in the mountains, landlocked between Spain and France.

What is the capital of Albania?

Tirana is not on the coast but it is high enough up to see the Adriatic Sea.

What is the capital of the United Kingdom?

London is a very large and deceptively dense city that covers less land area than you'd think. It is noted for its mishmash of cultures that coexist very well.

What is the capital of Sweden?

Stockholm is beside Lake Mälaren and the Baltic Sea, and is 750 years old.

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