Can You Match the Baked Good to Its Country of Origin?

By: Khadija Leon
Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

Whether it's the holiday season, a special occasion, or just a regular day, everyone from world-renowned pastry chefs to amateur bakers make some of these popular baked goods every single day. From the French creme brulee, to the Spanish empanada to the British mince pie to the Danish risalamande, these widely known and widely enjoyed treats have been baked for centuries and have been passed down from generation to generation.

Pastry chefs looking to make a name for themselves will reimagine classic pastries, but for a lot of us only the original goodies will do!

While many of us find our recipes online, some of us choose to stick to traditional or family recipes, while others tend to put a new spin on old recipes and there are others who just prefer to eat them. Do we know where some of our favorite baked goods come from, and the recipes or ingredients used to make them?  There's only one way to find out.

How many of these worldly treats can you identify from just a picture and how well can you match them to the country in which they were made popular? Take this quiz to test your knowledge on these baked treats and place a bet with a friend to see which one of you is more well-versed in the subject of food geography. 


Hot cross buns are a British spiced sweet bun, which date as far back as 1361. They are typically made with raisins or currants and topped with an icing cross (which is meant to symbolize the crucifixion cross) made from sugar, vanilla and milk.

Apple pie was brought to the U.S. in the 17th century and since then has been one of America’s main comfort foods. The tart/pie is filled with apple slices and spices, and is typically served with ice cream, caramel or whipped cream.

Originally created in Lima, Peru during the 1542 Spanish colonial era, picarones have been called the Peruvian donut. It is made from sweet potato and squash in the shape of a donut, and is covered in a syrup made from molasses (called chancaca).

Yorkshire pudding, named after the county of York in England, originated from a 1937 recipe called “a dripping pudding” at the time, it was served with a thick gravy as the first course of a meal. It is made from, milk, eggs and flour and is cooked in a baking tray.

Syrniki is a Ukrainian fried treat made from flour, eggs, sugar and sometimes raisins. It is shaped like small cakes or pancakes and can be accompanied by many things, some of which include honey, sour cream and apple sauce.

Pastelitos, sometimes called Cuban pastries, are baked puff pastries which can be either sweet or savory. Some of the fillings include guava, beef, cream cheese and pineapple. Although it is named after the country of Cuba, it is found in in many other Hispanic countries.

Vetkoek is a type of fried dough bread that originated in South Africa. There are many variants of this bread, all with a different name and from different parts of the world. It can be filled with meat, jam or topped with some sort of syrup.

Castella is a type of sponge cake made from flour, sugar, honey and eggs which is very popular in Japan, especially in Nagasaki. The cake was first brought to Japan from Portugal in the 16th century and are sold in 27-centimeter-long boxes.

Banoffee pie is a dessert pie which is made from cream and toffee, and bananas which sits on top of a pastry or biscuit base. The pie is extremely popular in many parts of England and is usually served with ice cream or chocolate syrup.

Rugelach is a Jewish pastry that is very similar to croissant roll that is made from either sour cream or cream cheese and can be filled with raisins, nuts, chocolate and sometimes marzipan. The treat is found in many cafes around Israel and in Israeli communities around the world.

Instead of the standard waffle, the Belgian waffle uses yeast, has deeper pockets and has a lighter batter. The waffles are usually served with whipped cream, powdered sugar, fruit or ice cream.

Pastel de Nata is a Portuguese pastry primarily made from eggs and served as a dessert. In the 18th century, when egg whites were being used for starching clothing, the leftover egg yolks were used to make different pastries, one of which was the pastel de nata.

Gulab Jamun is a South Asian treat that is extremely popular in India and in parts of Nepal. It is made from milk solids and is topped with dried nuts, and is made be heating milk for a long time over a very low flame.

Tarta de Santiago is a type of almond cake which originated in Spain (Galicia) during the Middle Ages. The cake/pie consists of ground almonds, eggs and wine, and is topped with powered sugar in the design of the Cross of Saint James.

Sachetorte is a type of chocolate cake with apricot jam, which was first made in 1832 by an Austrian confectioner. The cake is so popular in the country that it has its own national day, Dec. 5.

A mooncake is a traditional Chinese baked treat usually eaten during the Mid-Autumn Festival, which shows appreciation for moon watching, hence the name. These cakes are made from puff pastry and are filled with red beans or lotus seed paste.

Lamingtons are Australian cakes which are made from sponge cake cut into squares and covered by a layer of chocolate and dipped in desiccated coconut. Variants of the classic treat include a cream or jam filling, or an outer raspberry layer.

Pampepato is an Italian sweet made of gingerbread that is usually baked in a wooden oven. Many people have their own versions of the recipe, but most of them include almonds, cinnamon, nutmeg and cocoa or chocolate.

Brownies are baked chocolate squares which were first made during the 19th century in the United States. Today, brownies are being made around the world, some with brown sugar instead of chocolate, or with nuts, chocolate chips or cream cheese added.

Koeksister is a traditional South African confectionary treat which is made from fried dough and is infused with either honey or syrup. Before being fried in the cold sugary syrup, the dough is plaited then fried in oil.

Whoopie pies, which are sometimes called black moons or Big Fat Oreo, were first made in New England and are made of two chocolate cakes (sometimes gingerbread or pumpkin) which sandwich a type of frosting or cream filling.

Called the Princess Cake in English, the prinsesstarta is a traditional layered cake made in Sweden. It has alternating layers of sponge cake, whipped cream and pastry cream, and is all covered by marzipan (which is usually green) and a pink rose.

Panettone is a type of bread loaf that originated in Milan, Italy which is usually enjoyed during the holiday season. The sweet bread usually contains lemon zest, raisins and candied orange, is usually over 10 centimeters high with a cylindrical shape and weighs almost 3 pounds.

Sfouf is a Lebanese cake that is usually consumed around special occasions and religious holidays. The cake is made from semolina flour and usually includes almonds, pine nuts, sesame paste and sometimes turmeric.

Pretzels are a type of bread that has been baked into the shape of a knot. The treat was said to made during the early Middle Ages in Germany. In southern parts of the country, the pretzel is used as an emblem for bakers.

Pavlova is a dessert which was named after Anna Pavlova and consists of meringue, whipped cream and is topped with fruit. The dessert was created in the 1920’s in Australia, after ballerina Anna Pavlova toured across the country.

Bibinkga is a traditional rice cake which originated from the Philippines. The cake is usually cooked in a clay pot which has been lined by leaves and is typically eaten for breakfast during the Christmas season.

Potica, sometimes referred to as a nut roll, is a sweet yeast dough pastry filled with ground nuts and honey which have been rolled into logs and bent into a horseshoe shape. This roll, which has been said to have originated in Slovenia, is very popular around Easter and Christmas.

The first reported mention of a cheesecake was in the 5th century by a Greek physician, then later in the 1390s in England. The modern cheesecake consists of cream cheese and eggs, which is usually topped by some sort of fruit.

Conchas, which is translated to shell in English, is a shell-shaped yeast sweetbread that is very famous in Mexico and Latin American countries. They are usually eaten as a snack for tea time or while on the relaxing on the beach.

Olibollen is a traditional Dutch dumpling, made from dropping dough made of flour, eggs, sultanas and currants into a deep fryer and covered with powdered sugar. In Belgium, these same treats are called smoutebollen and in France, croustillons.

Sometimes known as Babovka or Kulich, Babka is a sweet yeast cake which originated Poland. It is made from twisted dough and contains cinnamon and chocolate, and it is topped with streusel, nuts or cinnamon.

The Galette des Rois was first made in France and is made of puff pastry filled with frangipani and crème. The treat is traditionally eaten during the holiday season to celebrate the arrival of the three wise men in Bethlehem on Jan. 6.

Black Forest Cake, or Gateau, is a rich chocolate sponge cake with a cherry filling which originated in Germany. The cake consists of layers of chocolate cake and whipped cream and is decorated with whipped cream, chocolate shavings and maraschino cherries.

A croissant is a buttery crescent-shaped pastry that was based off the Austrian Kiferl but is best known as being from France. In the early 1970s they were produced in the factory in a frozen unbaked version, making it more accessible to the masses.

Mochi is a type of Japanese rice cake which is made from a native glutinous rice called mochigome. It is usually made during a special ceremony as well as during the Japanese New Year.

Baked pork buns, also called Cha siu baau, are a Cantonese bun which are filled with a barbecued pork filling and baked until they have a glazed exterior. The dough can also be steamed, but differ in the color of the exterior.

Basbousa is a Middle Eastern treat which is said to have originated from Egypt. It is a cake made from semolina or farina that has been soaked in simple or some other type of flavored syrup and is topped with either walnuts or almonds.

Melktert or milk tart is a South African sweet pastry which contains a creamy filling that is almost like a custard. The custard is sometimes baked into the crust, and is sometimes infused with cinnamon.

Roti, sometimes called Chapati, is a type of flatbread which originated in India, which is made from stone-ground whole meal flour. Roti, which means bread, is cooked on an iron griddle an is often used as a side dish.

This type of cake was first mentioned during the Great Depression and since then has been extremely popular. It is made from cocoa, buttermilk and either red food coloring or beet root for give it its iconic red color. The cake is layered with cream cheese and sometimes topped with Ermine frosting.

A tres leches cake is a sponge cake which has been soaked in three different kinds of milk: heavy cream, condensed and evaporated milk. The recipe was first seen in Mexico and has become very popular in many Latin American countries.

Baklava is a sweet pastry which is made of multiple layers of fillo dough, chopped nuts which are being held together by honey or a sweet syrup. The dessert was first noted during the Turkish Ottoman empire and has since been very popular with people from Middle Eastern heritage.

Crème brulee which translates to burnt cream, is a vanilla custard-based dessert topped with caramel and sugar which has been caramelized by a torch. The earliest French recipe was taken from an old Catalan recipe that was cooked with a different method.

Empanadas are stuffed pastries, which originated in Catalan back in the 16th century. The pastry, which can be baked or fried, comes from the Spanish word empanar, which means to wrap, and consists of either a meat or cheese stuffing wrapped by dough.

Mince pies are sweet pies which are filled with dried fruits and spices and are famous for being served in many parts of Britain around Christmas. The recipe dates back to the 13th century and was said to have been brought there by European travelers who visited Middle Eastern countries.

Amaretti di Saronno is an amaretto macaroon that first came from Lombardy, Italy. It is made from eggs, vanilla and almond extract and almond flour. The mound-shaped cookies are then dusted with sugar, sometimes with the addition of nuts or fruit.

Risalamande is a Danish dessert that is primarily a type of rice pudding which has been mixed with vanilla, almonds and whipped cream. It was first created in the 19th century in Denmark and is usually served around Christmas time.

Vanillekipferl is an Austrian crescent-shaped biscuit which contains various types of nuts and is dusted with vanilla sugar. They are traditionally made around the Christmas season throughout many parts of Europe.

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