Can You Identify These Australian Landmarks?

By: Khadija Leon
Image: shutterstock

About This Quiz

Have you ever traveled to Australia, or have you spent much time learning its environment and culture? There's more to Australia than what you will find at Outback Steakhouse. 

Did you know that there are more kangaroos than people in Australia? The country is famous for not only kangaroos, but also wallabies, koalas, wombats, emu and more. Don't even mention the ten deadliest snakes.

Australia is the sixth-largest country by total area. Half of the citizens live in three "big smoke" cities - Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane.

Australia is also famous for many landmarks - both natural and man-made. Australia boasts the world's largest reef, longest church, longest national highway and largest war memorial. The country has over 10,000 beaches! There's a mountain called Mount Disappointment, because someone who climbed it didn't appreciate the view. There's a bright pink lake called Lake Hillier.

You surely know about some truly famous landmarks, such as the Sydney Opera House or Ayers Rock. Maybe you've even heard of the Twelve Apostles formation, which is missing a few apostles these days.

Can you identify Australia's most famous and majestic landmarks from just one image? Try your luck. Don't make a blue, and she'll be apples! In other words, don't make a mistake, and everything will be all right!


The Sydney Harbour Bridge is a steel arch bridge that is almost 4,000 feet in length and connects Sydney’s business district to the North Shore. The bridge, which was opened in 1932, was nicknamed “The Coathanger” because of its design and it is the sixth-longest spanning-arch bridge in the world.

When you think of Australia, the Sydney Opera House is usually the first place that comes to mind. This performing arts center was opened in 1973 has an average annual attendance of over 1 million people, making it one of the most popular attractions.

Also known as Ayers Rock, Uluru is a large rock formation located in the Northern Territory of Australia. The sandstone formation is over 1,100 feet high and has a circumference of almost 6 miles. Depending on the time of day or year that you look at the rock, you will notice that it appears to change colors.

The Great Barrier Reef is the largest system of coral reef in the world, and it is home to billions of aquatic animals. The system, which is located just off the coast of Queensland, is composed of almost 3,000 individual coral reefs and almost 1,000 islands. It is listed as a World Heritage Site.

As you can imagine, Heart Reef is a coral formation located in the Great Barrier Reef, which is naturally shaped like a heart. Discovered in 1975 by an air pilot, this particular reef is less than 60 feet in diameter and is best seen from above.

Australia has quite a few rock formations, one of which is the Three Sisters, located in the Blue Mountains of New South Wales. Their individual names are Meehni, Wimlah and Gunnedoo, listed in decreasing height. There are many legends associated with the rock formations, but they’re simply made of sandstone.

The Cradle Mountain is located in a national park in the Central Highlands of Tasmania. The four-summit mountain, which can be climbed year-round, rises to over 5,000 feet above sea level and is situated next to Lake St. Clair.

Wolfe Creek Crater is located in Western Australia and is the site of an astrobleme (a remnant of a large crater which was made by impact of a comet or meteorite). The crater’s diameter is almost 3,000 feet, with the estimated weight of the meteorite being 55,000 tons. The site also bears spiritual significance to the local Aboriginal people.

Wave Rock is a naturally occurring rock formation located in Perth in the western part of the country. The rock is shaped like a wave, hence its name, and is almost 50 feet tall and 360 feet long. The rock holds significant meaning to many locals, as they believe it was created by the Rainbow Serpent, one of their gods.

The Australian War Memorial, which is located in Canberra, consists of three separate parts: the shrine; the museum; and the research center which contains the records. The building was unveiled in 1941 and honors and supports the members of the country’s armed forces.

Fraser Island (sometimes called K’Gari) is located on the southeast coast of Queensland and is the largest sand island in the world. The island has a wide variety of landscapes and is home to many endemic plants and animals.

The Port Arthur historic site, located in Tasmania, was the home of some of the country’s worst criminals and is now one of Australia’s top tourist attractions. The site is best known as the place where the worst mass murder in Australia’s post-colonial history occurred.

Located in Melbourne, Victoria, the Shrine of Remembrance was built in honor of the people of Victoria who fought in the World War I. The memorial now honors many Australians and was built on a design based on the Parthenon and the Tomb of Mausolus.

Kakadu National Park is located in the Northern Territory and covers over 7,500 square miles. The park has four major river systems and is home to over 10,000 species of plants and animals. The area is primarily occupied by the Aboriginal people and has been that way for over 40,000 years.

The Royal Exhibition Building was designed by Joseph Reed and was built to host the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. This World Heritage Site is still being used for exhibitions and is sometimes used as an exam hall by various institutions.

Often described as “one of the greatest wonders of the natural world,” the Horizontal falls are formed by a break in the McLarty Ranges. The waterfall is created because as the sea water approaches the breaks, it does so with increasing speed, forcing the water through.

The Royal Botanical Garden opened its doors in Sydney in 1816, making it the oldest of its kind in the world. The gardens sit on over 50 acres of land, divided into four large areas which are home to thousands of plant species.

Located on the shores of Port Campbell National Park in Victoria are a collection of limestone stacks named after the 12 Apostles. As of 2006, there are only eight of them left, as the previous ones have collapsed, but the name still remains.

Formally known as Kati Thanda-Lake Eyre, this lake is found approximately 50 feet below sea level. When it is filled (which is a rare occasion) the lake becomes the largest of its kind in the entire country, spanning over 3,500 square miles. The lake has the same salinity as the sea and salt pans are usually seen around its borders.

Swan Bells, located in Perth, are a group of 18 hanging bells suspended in a copper and glass campanile. The tower is named after the river which it is situated next to, and 12 of the 18 bells were imported from a church located in Trafalgar Square in London.

The National Gallery of Victoria, called the NGV for short, is the largest and oldest museum in the country. It houses everything from artifacts to sculptures, to drawing and paintings. The international collection features work done by Picasso, Monet, Renoir and Rembrandt.

The National ANZAC Center was opened in 2014 and has won numerous awards, including the Australia’s number one museum by Trip Advisor and the Western Australian Heritage Award in 2015, since opening. As you might have guessed, this building honors over 40,000 people who left to fight the Great War. ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.

Sydney Tower is one of the tallest buildings in the Western Hemisphere and is also a part of the World Federation of Great Towers. Standing over 1,000 feet tall and overlooking Sydney’s central business district, the tower is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city.

Central Quay is a harbor which sits on the northern border of Sydney’s central business district and is one of the more popular attractions in the city. It is filled with shops, restaurants and parks, and has spectacular views of Sydney Harbor Bridge.

Cape Byron Lighthouse is located in New South Wales and is one of very few active lighthouses. This lighthouse is said to be the most powerful in the country and has a light intensity exceeding 2 million candelas. Built sometime in the 19th century, the tower stands over 70 feet tall and has a range of 31 miles.

The Fremantle Prison housed inmates between 1855 and 1991. The now World Heritage Site, which sits on 15 acres of land, was forced to close after a riot in 1988 caused almost $2 million in damages and guards were taken hostage.

The Eureka Skydeck or Observation Tower is at the top of a 935-foot skyscraper which can be found in Melbourne. It is the second-tallest building in Australia and one of the tallest residential towers in the world.

The Parliament House is located in Canberra and is the meeting place of the members of parliament. The building is over 2 million square feet in floor space and contains over 4,000 rooms, many of which are open to the public

Designed by George McRae in the late 19th century, the Queen Victoria Building is located in the central business district in Sydney. The interior has four floors of shopping space as well as a figure of the queen wearing her coronation outfit.

Built in order to commemorate Captain James Cook for identifying Australia’s east coast, the memorial has a skeleton globe sculpture with a water jet located in the center of it, which is said to show the path that Cook took.

The Shine Dome is a landmark in Canberra, which is most recognized for its unique structure. Known by Australians as “The Martian Embassy,” the interior of the building contains an auditorium, a theatre, a library and offices.

The Blue Mountains is a mountain range located in New South Wales. The name comes from the blue tinge that the mountains give when they are viewed from a distance. This mountain range is made up of two smaller ranges, the Bell range and the Explorer range, and many peaks which are all around 4,000 feet above sea level.

The Royal Australian Navy Memorial is located in Canberra and was built to honor the sailors who served to protect the country. The memorial was unveiled in 1986 by Queen Elizabeth II and people can get a taste of what naval life was life when visiting.

Karlu Karlu, also called Devils Marbles Conservation Reserve, is located in the Northern Territory and holds spiritual significance for the Aboriginal people. The marbles are large granite boulders, some of which are balanced on top of each other. There are also some which are split perfectly, as if cut perfectly with a blade.

Brisbane City Hall is located right next to King George Square in Brisbane, Queensland. Inaugurated in 1930, the Italian renaissance styled building is used for shows, including pageants and orchestral concerts, as well as royal receptions and school graduations.

The Great Ocean Road is a stretch of road that is over 150 miles long, located on the southeast coast of Australia. The road was built as a dedication to the soldiers who were killed in World War I, making it the largest war memorial in the world.

Melbourne Cricket Ground, sometimes called “The G,” is the largest stadium in the country and tenth-largest stadium in the world. The stadium has a capacity of over 100,000 and was the main stadium used in the 1956 Olympic Games.

The Bonorong Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Tasmania and is home to a wide variety of animals, some of which include kangaroos, Tasmanian devils, wombats, koalas and green rosellas. This sanctuary also has a 24/7 wildlife rescue service, which is the largest in Tasmania.

The Cataract Gorge Reserve, which is located in Tasmania, is one of Australia’s most popular attractions. The site features a swimming pool, a chairlift that spans nearly 1,500 feet, cafes and restaurants.

The Newcastle Memorial Walk is a bridge that was constructed on a cliff top and overlooks the Bar Beach and Merewether. This walk was built to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the ANZAC landing at Gallipoli.

Located in Victoria, Sovereign Hill is an open-air museum which is designed to showcase the years following Ballarat’s discovery of gold in the 1850s. The property is comprised of recreated buildings, artwork and livestock.

The Perth Mint, which was established in 1899, is one of the official mint companies in Australia. In the year 2011, the Perth Mint was credited for creating the world’s most valuable gold coin, a record which was previously held by the Royal Canadian Mint.

The Cathedral Church and Minor Basilica of St. Patrick is a Roman Catholic Church located in Victoria, Australia, and is the tallest as well as the largest church in the country.

Officially called the Cathedral Church and Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Mother of God, Help of Christians. This church is located in Sydney and is the longest church in the country. It is popular with tourists because of its architecture, which features spires, organ pipes and a stained-glass window.

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