Can You Identify the Tree From an Image of the Wood Grain?

Jacqueline Samaroo

About This Quiz

Trees aren’t just tall, green and brown; in fact, they come in all shapes, sizes and colors. If you know your mahogany from your maple, then can you identify these trees from just one image of their wood grain? Sharpen your felling ax and let’s find out!

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

Gray birch grows primarily in harsh types of soil – dry ground, abandoned farms and burned-out areas, and gravelly soil. It is frequently found in the lower Hudson Valley and is characterized by its white bark and tall triangular leaves.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The fruit of the pin cherry tree is loved by birds and small tree-dwelling animals. It is identified by its reddish-brown bark that has a smooth texture, fruit that grows in long-stemmed clusters, and branches that are connected to the trunk at approximate right angles.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The Quaking Aspen holds the title of being the most widely distributed tree in all of North America. It is distinguished by its shiny twigs that have a smooth texture and a reddish brown coloration. It can be found prominently in the state of New York.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The white spruce can be primarily found on the slopes of the Adirondack Mountains, as well as in the surrounding areas. The crushed needles from the tree have a very strong, distinct, and generally foul-smelling odor. White spruce trees have been historically used as ornamental trees and also as Christmas trees

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

Pignut Hickory trees are known for their flower buds, which when they are young closely resemble rose buds. The bark of the tree has an overall dark gray coloration and it is textured with narrow ridges and shallow furrows.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The black birch is an extremely versatile tree. Oil of wintergreen, a medicinal and culinary product, is distilled from the twigs. Black birch wood is strong and is dark brown in color; it is used for fuel and furniture, especially as an alternative to mahogany or cherry.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

Scarlet oak gets its name from the vivid coloring of its leaves in the fall. The bark of the Scarlet Oak is light brown in color, with the inner bark being somewhat red.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

Black locust produces wood that is hard and strong but also rough; even when the trunk is young. The bark of the tree is yellowish brown and the tree can also be identified by its compound leaves that consist of smaller oval leaflets.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

While the inner bark of the black walnut is dark brown, the outer layer is actually a dull grayish brown. The tree is noticeable for producing large edible nuts and more importantly strong durable wood – used in cabinetmaking, interior trim and for gunstocks.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

Basswood is easily identified by its large heart-shaped leaves that are between 5 to 10 inches long. The bark is a dark gray color and the tree produces a small pea-sized nut that usually comes in clusters.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

While it can potentially survive in drier soil types, the white ash tree prefers (and is almost always found in) rich, moist, wooded areas. The tree produces compound leaves that in turn are made up of stemmed leaflets; the bark of the tree is dark grayish brown.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The cucumber tree has earned its name as a result of the fruit that it produces, which comes in the form of a small cucumber-shaped growth. The tree is frequently seen in parks and on lawns because of the yellowish green flowers that it produces and its large leaves.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

Yellow birch is largely used for furniture, woodenware, flooring, interior finish, airplanes and agricultural implements. The bark can be observed in a range of colors, from silvery gray to yellow and even reddish brown on some older trees.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The American hornbeam is a relatively small tree that almost never grows larger than 6 inches in diameter. However, the wood that the American hornbeam produces is still very strong and hard, being used for tools such as mallets.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

While the wood of this smaller tree is comparatively weak compared to local alternatives, it has other uses. Both the root and the bark of the tree can be used to make tea and some people have even used the wood for simple things like fence posts.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

A large and fast-growing tree, the northern red oak is noted for its ability to survive and even thrive in a wide variety of soil types. The wood comes in a light reddish brown color and is often used for home improvement purposes and making furniture.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

White oak is commonly used to craft attractive furniture as well as floors and general implements. The tree is found in both wet and dry areas, has ashy gray bark, and grows acorns that are often eaten by local wildlife.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

Although American beech produces tough and strong wood, it is not as widely used as other wood types. One of the tree’s most noticeable characteristics is the steel gray color of its relatively smooth bark.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The wood of the American chestnut is light, soft and relatively coarse-grained. Nowadays, this attractive reddish-brown wood finds its primary use as being crafted into posts of varying sizes. The leaves are long and have sharp points that line the sides.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

Hawthorns are peculiar trees; their small size (generally less than 20 feet) makes them have no commercial value. In fact, many people actually consider them to be pests (comparable to common weeds). Regardless, birds love the berry-like fruit that they grow in small clusters.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

Red maple is an extremely rapid-growing tree that is known for having a very strong, close-grained wood. It is used primarily for cheap furniture and in the manufacturing of baskets and crates. The bark has a light gray coloration, similar to beech, which becomes darker as time passes.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The black willow holds the title of being not only one of the largest willows but it is also one of the most widely distributed in northern parts of the country. The bark of the tree is simply brown – ranging from dark brown to light brown.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

Bitternut hickory is a tree that grows well on moist, rich soil such as is found in many farm woodlots. The wood is heavy, very hard, strong, tough, and dark brown in color with paler sapwood. It grows compound leaves that are made up of 7 to 11 narrow leaflets.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The eastern cottonwood has a very notable history of being planted as an ornamental tree is several parts of the country. However, this practice is not as popular as it once was, since the roots often penetrate sewers and drains, and even when cut the stump will continuously sprout.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The shagbark hickory produces a very heavy, tough, elastic, close-grained, wood that is primarily used for handles, vehicles, agricultural implements, and fuel. The fruit is also important to the local ecosystem since many animals make it a key part of their diet.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The origin of the name for the chestnut oak is easy enough to understand; it is simply derived from the fact that the tree grows chestnut-like leaves. This naming is somewhat funny yet frustrating, since some people mistakenly believe that the tree is an actual chestnut tree.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The American elm is a very well-known tree across the country; however, it is extremely popular in the state of New York – being one of the largest trees that can be found there. The bark is dark gray and the leaves have a simple oblong shape with serrated edges.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The eastern redcedar is primarily characterized by its soft and brittle reddish brown wood. As a result of this, this wood cannot be used for heavy duty construction purposes. Instead, it sees a notable amount of use in the production of pencils, interior finishes and simple lightweight furniture.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The silver maple has aptly earned its name due to the smooth texture that it has and the grayish color that younger trees have. However, it should be noted that once the trees become older, this gray becomes more and more tinged with a dull red color; with some old silver maples taking on a consistent reddish-brown coloration.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The black ash differs from a lot of other trees on this list primarily for the fact that it can be commonly found in deep swamps. However, quite a few of them have been found in other areas, such as wet, cold forests.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The paper birch is a shade-intolerant tree that has the ability to grow on a wide range of soils, however; it particularly thrives along lakes, streams, and swamps. Younger trees have a reddish brown or even golden color, while as they age they become chalky white.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The butternut is actually closely related to the black walnut tree. It is notable for the fact that it produces edible nuts and a very attractive wood that is light brown and soft. Since it is not as strong as other alternatives, it is primarily used for decorative woodworking; such as interior trims.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

While not as valuable as the red oak or as fast growing, the black oak still produces a very hard and strong wood. As a result of this, it can often be seen being used for construction-related purposes and even for fuelwood at times.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

Red spruce produces a soft wood that one would initially assume has no notable uses out of the ordinary. However, this type of wood actually has a resonant quality that makes it exceedingly valuable for the sounding boards of musical instruments.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

Wood from the balsam fir is noticeably light, soft and coarse-grained. While this tree is not valued by virtually anyone as a source of lumber, it has other decorative uses in the country. It sees a lot of usage as a Christmas tree.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The wood of the eastern hemlock is coarse-grained, light, splinters easily, not strong, brittle, and not durable. However, this light brown wood still sees some usage as construction lumber and is also in demand for mechanical pulp.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The wood from the tulip tree is light, soft, brittle, not strong, straight-grained, light yellow or brown in color, and is largely made into lumber and interior finish and used where a soft, easily worked wood is required.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The sycamore is a relatively large tree that loves fertile and moist soil. As a result, this tree can often be found in damp woods, as well as along streams and the banks of rivers. Crates and even furniture are often crafted from this wood.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The wood of the eastern white pine tree is soft, has a very light brown color, and is relatively easily worked. It also has a wide range of uses: from interior trim, sash and doors to boxes and buckets.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The weirdly named American hophornbeam is (quite obviously) closely related to the American hornbeam. The strength and coloration of the wood has earned it the nickname “ironwood”. It is primarily used for making handles for tools and for fuelwood.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The primary use that the honey locust sees is for ornamental purposes; however, the wood is strong and so some have found more hands-on uses for it. The tree grows compound leaves that can have up to 28 leaflets.

Which tree's wood grain is shown in this image?

The black cherry tree produces a small single-seed fruit that is loved by a wide variety of animals, especially birds; however, this fruit is actually noticeably bitter.

About Zoo

Our goal at Zoo.com is to keep you entertained in this crazy life we all live.

We want you to look inward and explore new and interesting things about yourself. We want you to look outward and marvel at the world around you. We want you to laugh at past memories that helped shape the person you’ve become. We want to dream with you about all your future holds. Our hope is our quizzes and articles inspire you to do just that.

Life is a zoo! Embrace it on Zoo.com.

Explore More Quizzes