99.2% of people can't guess these famous Egyptian royals by looking at just one image. Can you?

By: Narra Jackson
Image: Wiki Commons

About This Quiz

Almost everyone knows who Cleopatra or Tutankhamun was. They are two of the most famous Egyptian royals that ever lived. But only real Egyptian historians or lovers of this fascinating culture can identify most famous royals. Can you? Prove it!

Queen Nefertiti was influential in the cult of Aten and was a priest during the Amarna period. The cause of her death is unknown. Although it is possible she died from plague or natural death, it is likely she was murdered because of her scandalous religious ideals.

Cleopatra started a co-regency with her brother Ptolemy XIII when he became king. After heavy drama, conflict, and romance between Egypt and Rome, she committed suicide at the age of 39. Cleopatra was the last ruler of Egypt before it became a Roman province in 30 BC.

Scholars are unsure whether or not Queen Merneith ruled over Egypt during the First Dynasty of Egypt, around 2920 BC. Even though her name is not present in a seal impression and there is no mention of her on the king’s list, she may have risen to power after the death of her husband, King Djet.

Queen Hatshepsut is the longest-reigning female ancient Egyptian ruler. She lived from 1500-1458 BC and ruled over Egypt for 21 of those years. As a fully royal woman, her less royal half-brother married her to secure the kingship once his father, Thutmose I, died.

Queen Twosret was married to Seti II. When the king died, his son, Siptah, took over the throne. However, Siptah was an unhealthy and sick boy and couldn't rule Egypt effectively. Twosret, still being the Great Royal Wife, took over co-regency with Siptah.

The Narmer Palette was found at Hierakonpolis and depicts the unification of the two lands of Upper and Lower Egypt. King Narmer is represented wearing both Egyptian crowns. He ruled as king during the period known as the Early Dynastic Period.

King Menes might have been part of the first dynasty of Egyptian Kings, credited with the unification of ancient Egypt, the founder of Memphis and the first law-giver. This is disputed by some historians, as the record involving him is virtually nonexistent. He is also credited with establishing ancient Egyptian religious practices, including sacrifices.

Djoser ruled as the king of Egypt during the period known as the Old Kingdom. He was a pharaoh of the Third Dynasty of kings by right of inheritance. He made Memphis the capital of Egypt, the position it held throughout the time period of the Old Kingdom.

This pharaoh's name, Sneferu, means "He of Beauty." He was also known as the "Beneficent Ruler." His father was King Huni and his mother was Meresankh. His many children guaranteed the continuance of the 4th Dynasty, ensuring the highest ranking positions in the government were held by his children.

Khufu was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty in the Old Kingdom. Khufu's reign over Egypt spanned twenty-three years, from 2589 BC through 2566 BC. His mother was Queen Hetepheres.

Khafre, also spelled Khafra, reigned during the 26th century BCE. He was the fourth king of the 4th dynasty, from 2575 to 2465 BCE. He built the second of the three Pyramids of Giza.

Historians know little of Neferefre’s life and accomplishments. His short reign limited the amount of work accomplished and completed under his name. He had just begun work on his pyramid, near his father and mother in Abusir, when he died.

Pepi II was the fifth king of the Sixth Dynasty, during whose lengthy reign the government weakened because of internal and external problems. Late Egyptian tradition indicates that Pepi II acceded at the age of six and, in accord with king lists of the New Kingdom, reigned for 94 years.

King Merenre and Queen Nitocris were childless. The grieving wife assumed the throne of Egypt as the pharaoh-queen after the assassination of her husband. Her reign ended after she sought vengeance on her husband's killers and ultimately committed suicide.

Despite being known for long and peaceful reign within Egypt, Senusret I devoted his rule to heavily protecting Egypt’s borders. He is considered the most powerful pharaoh of the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom.

Ahmose I, which means "the moon is born," liberated Egypt from the Hyksos. It is thought that he was only ten years old when he took the throne. He was apparently buried in the Dra Abu el-Naga area, but his tomb has not been located.

Amenhotep I, reigned for a quarter of a century, like his father, Ahmose I, and he has left behind very few records. Amenhotep appears to have been the first king to take the radical decision to build his mortuary temple away from his burial place.

Thutmose II was the 4th pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty. Most historians believe he reigned for 3 to 13 years. The woman he married, Hatshepsut, was well-liked and powerful in Egypt. His son, Thutmose III, was one of the greatest leaders ancient Egypt has ever seen.

Thutmose III, sixth Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, is often called “the Napoleon of Ancient Egypt.” He reigned from 1479 BC up until his death in 1425 BC and was responsible for the Golden Age of Ancient Egypt. He collected great wealth for Egypt.

Amenhotep II is thought to have been very athletic. Several representations of the king show him engaged in sporting pursuits, and he was eager to establish an equally good reputation in the military field. Amenhotep II was buried in the Valley of the Kings, but not for long, for his tomb was plundered before the end of the 20th Dynasty.

Akhenaten ruled as Amenhotep IV for the first few years of his reign. Amenhotep IV was crowned in Thebes. The date of his succession to the throne is not certain and varies from 1370 BC to 1358 BC. He reigned for seventeen years, until his death in 1336 BC or 1334 BC.

Tutankhamun was only eight or nine when he became ruler of Egypt. Because he was king at such a young age, most of the decisions were made by two senior figures, likely to have been Ay, the father of Nefertiti, and Horemheb, an army commander. Tutankhamun was only King for about ten years before dying in his late teens.

Paramessu became pharaoh upon the death of Horemheb, in approximately 1820 B.C. He took the name of Ramses I, which meant “Ra has fashioned him.” Ramses I was not of royal blood, yet he became the founding pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty.

Ramses II ruled Egypt during the 13th century B.C.E and is thought of as the most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire. He is also known as Ramses the Great. He is famous for his exploits during the Battle of Kadesh, for numerous monuments, and for making Egypt prosperous and powerful during his reign.

Merneptah or Merenptah was the fourth ruler of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt. He ruled Egypt for almost ten years. By the time he took the throne he was almost sixty. His throne name was Ba-en-re Mery-netjeru, which means "The Soul of Ra, Beloved of the Gods."

Historians consider King Ramses III the last of the great pharaohs to rule Egypt with significant power. As the second pharaoh of the 20th Dynasty, Ramses III held power during the decline of Egypt.

Xerxes I was the king of Persia between 486 and 465 B.C. Xerxes is the Greek transliteration of the name Khashayar shah, and it means "king of heroes." Xerxes I’s empire stretched from India to Egypt and parts of Europe. It was the largest and most powerful Empire in the area at that time.

Khasekhemwy is arguably the best attested ruler of the 2nd Dynasty, a period that we know very little about in general. Some Egyptologists believe he had a predecessor named Khasekhem, with a very similar name, though others believe Khasekhem and Khasekhemwy were the same person.

Huni "the smiter" was the last pharaoh of the Third Dynasty. It is unclear if he was the son of Khaba, his most likely predecessor. Huni built a fortress on the island, Elephantine, to protect the border of Egypt. He broke tradition and built pyramids in the provinces, instead of Saqqara.

Sahure ruled during the Fifth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt. He seems to have had a peaceful and prosperous reign. Trade flourished and he opened up turquoise mines in the Sinai and diorite quarries in Nubia. He is also credited with the creation of the Egyptian Navy.

Amenemhat III was king of ancient Egypt from 1818–1770 BCE during the Twelfth Dynasty. He brought Middle Kingdom Egypt to a peak of economic prosperity by completing a system to regulate the inflow of water into Lake Moeris, in the Al-Fayyūm depression SW of Cairo.

Ahmose II was also known as Nebhepetre. His name means the "Moon Arises." Ahmose married several of his sisters and Queen Ahmose-Nefertari was his chief wife. They had several children, including Crown Prince Amenhotep, who would gain the throne after his father.

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