96.5% of people can't guess these famous scientists from just one picture. Can you?

By: Narra Jackson
Image: Wiki Commons

About This Quiz

Most people can recognize Albert Einstein, but there many other famous and important scientists. Sadly, 96.5% of people can't identify these famous scientists from a single image. Can you?

Alain Aspect's group performed the first experimental tests of Bell’s Inequality, which shows that the predictions of quantum mechanics cannot be explained by a “local hidden variable” theory. He is a French physicist.

David Baltimore proved an exception to the "central dogma" of genetic theory, which states that the information encoded in genes always flows unidirectionally from DNA to RNA and cannot be reversed. This has become an invaluable tool in recombinant DNA technology.

Allen Bard pioneered research in electrogenerated chemiluminescence, a process that harnesses the energetic transfer of electrons between molecules to create light. This technique helps to identify a range of microscopic substances, from proteins to viruses such as HIV.

Timothy Berners-Lee, also known as TimBL, is an English computer scientist. He is credited with the invention of the World Wide Web. He made a proposal for an information management system in March 1989. The first website was put online on August 6, 1991.

The establishment and growth of developmental-evolutionary biology are credited to work done by John Tyler Bonner. His studies of cellular slime molds have shed light on some of the big questions of biology, including the origins of multicellularity and the nature of morphogenesis.

Dennis Bray's book talks about wide-ranging and perceptive critiques of robotics and complexity theory, as well as many telling anecdotes. The book goes into the findings of the new discipline of systems biology, which shows the internal chemistry of living cells is a form of computation.

Sydney Brenner is a geneticist and molecular biologist who has worked in the laboratories of Cambridge University since 1957. Brenner played an integral part in the discovery and understanding of the triplet genetic code of DNA. He helped introduce RNA as well.

Simon Conway Morris is an English paleontologist who is well known for his detailed and careful study of the fossils of the Burgess Shale, and for the scientific concept of the Cambrian explosion. The result of his discovery was covered in Wonderful Life.

Gerald M. Edelman was an American biologist who shared the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for work with Rodney Robert Porter on the immune system. Edelman's research was with the discovery of the structure of antibody molecules.

Ronald Evans was an American naval officer, aviator, electrical engineer, aeronautical engineer, and NASA astronaut. He is one of only 24 people to have flown and landed on the Moon.

Anthony Fauci is an American immunologist who has made huge contributions to HIV/AIDS research and other immunodeficiencies, both as a scientist and as the head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. He was appointed Director of NIAID (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) in 1984.

Jean Frechet is an American chemist. He has authored nearly 900 scientific papers and holds over 70 United States Patents. His research areas include organic synthesis and polymer chemistry.

Margaret Joan Geller is an astronomy professor at Harvard University and a senior scientist at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. She helped discover a "Great Wall" of galaxies in space, stretching at least 500 million light years.

Jane Goodall established the Jane Goodall Institute in 1977, which supports research and a range of conservation programs to protect chimpanzees and the environment. Goodall has been part of many animal rights organizations. She was the president of Advocates for Animals from 1998 to 2008.

Alan Guth is a theoretical physicist and cosmologist. He is known mainly for his work on elementary particle theory and how particle theory is applicable to the early universe.

Lene Westergaard Hau is a Danish physicist. In 1999, she led a Harvard University team which, by use of a Bose-Einstein condensate, succeeded in slowing a beam of light to about 17 meters per second, and, in 2001, was able to stop a beam completely.

Stephen Hawking is a British theoretical physicist. Hawking has made many important contributions to the fields of cosmology and quantum gravity. He is also the author of a mainstream bestselling book, A Brief History of Time. The 2014 film, The Theory of Everything, starring Eddie Redmayne, is about his early years.

In 1964, both Peter Higgs and the team of François Englert and Robert Brout proposed a theory about the existence of a particle that explains why other particles have a mass. In 2012, two experiments conducted at the CERN laboratory confirmed the existence of the Higgs particle.

Leroy Hood is an American biologist. He is president and co-founder of the Institute for Systems Biology. The inventions developed under his leadership include the automated DNA sequencer and an automated tool for synthesizing DNA.

Martin Karplus was born in Vienna, Austria. In the 1970s, Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt, and Arieh Warshel successfully developed methods that combined quantum and classical mechanics to calculate the courses of chemical reactions, using computers.

Donald Ervin Knuth is one of the world's leading computer scientists. His accomplishments include 17 books, 150 papers, 18 doctorates, the 1974 Turing Award, Stanford University's first chair in computer science, the 1979 National Medal of Science, and the 1996 Kyoto Prize.

Robert Hooke wrote a significant scientific book, Micrographia, which was published in 1665. It was the first scientific best-seller and contains the first use of the word "cell" in the biological sense.

Craig Mello is an American biologist and professor of molecular medicine at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester, Massachusetts. He was given the 2006 Nobel Prize for Physiology & Medicine, with Andrew Z. Fire, for the discovery of RNA interference.

In 1983, Luc Montaigner and Françoise Barré-Sinoussi discovered a retrovirus in patients with swollen lymph glands that attacked lymphocytes. The retrovirus was HIV, which proved to be the cause of the immunodeficiency disease AIDS.

In 2007, Gordon Moore and his wife gave Caltech $200 million toward building the largest telescope in the world. Moore’s net worth in 2011 was estimated to be $4 billion. This successful engineer, manager, and entrepreneur is a pivotal person in the world of computers.

In 1985, Kary Mullis invented the process known as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), where a small amount of DNA can be copied in large quantities over a short period of time. PCR has been of major importance in both medical research and forensic science.

The German biologist Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard is renowned for her embryonic development of fruit flies. Her contribution earned her the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, together with American geneticists Eric Wieschaus and Edward B. Lewis.

Jeremiah P. Ostriker has been an influential researcher in one of the newest areas of modern science, theoretical astrophysics. His current primary work is in cosmology, specifically in the aspects that can be approached best by large scale numerical calculations.

Roger Penrose is an English mathematical physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science. Penrose is known for his work in mathematical physics, specifically for his contributions to general relativity and cosmology. He has received several prizes and awards, including the 1988 Wolf Prize for physics.

Stanley Prusiner is an American neurologist and biochemist. Prusiner discovered prions, a class of infectious self-reproducing pathogens primarily or solely composed of protein. He received the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research in 1994 and the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1997.

Henry "Fritz" Schaefer III is a computational and theoretical chemist. He is one of the most highly cited scientists in the world, with a Thomson Reuters H-Index of 114. Henry Schaefer is a significant proponent of intelligent design.

Thomas Sudhof is a German-American biochemist known for his study of synaptic transmission. He studied brain cells from mice in the 1990s and demonstrated how vesicles are held in place, ready to release signal-bearing molecules at the right moment.

Jack Szostak is a Canadian-American biologist. He is the Professor of Genetics at Harvard Medical School. Szostak has hugely contributed to the field of genetics. He helped map the location of genes in mammals and develop techniques for manipulating genes.

James West is a U.S. inventor and professor who, in 1962, developed the electret transducer technology later used in 90 percent of contemporary microphones. Both James West and Gerhard M. Sessler were inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 1999.

Charles Townes was an American physicist and inventor of the maser and laser. He was known for his work on the theory and application of the maser. He got the fundamental patent and did other work in quantum electronics connected with both maser and laser devices.

Harold Varmus is an American virologist and co-winner, with J. Michael Bishop, of the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1989, for work on the origins of cancer. They found that, under special circumstances, normal genes in healthy cells of the body can cause cancer; these genes are called oncogenes.

J. Craig Venter is a scientist and businessperson whose gene-sequencing process led to a decoding of the human genome. He developed a pioneering system for tagging genes, called expressed sequencing tags (ESTs), and later sequenced the entire human genome.

James Watson, Francis Crick, and Rosalind Franklin discovered the structure of DNA. They published their findings in 1953 at the Solvay Conference on proteins in Belgium. This publication was a huge milestone in biology and made a fundamental change to our understanding of human life.

Steven Weinberg is a Nobel Prize-winning scholar and physicist, known for his groundbreaking work in electroweak theory. His groundbreaking vision in constructing the electroweak theory led to him earning the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics.

George Whitesides is an American chemist and professor of chemistry at Harvard University. He is famous for his work in NMR spectroscopy, organometallic chemistry, molecular self-assembly, soft lithography, microfabrication, microfluidics, and nanotechnology.

Edward O. Wilson is the world's best expert on ants and a proponent of sociobiology, researching the genetic basis of social behavior. He began by studying ants, discovering that they communicate using pheromones. He later applied his ant studies to all social creatures.

Shinya Yamanaka succeeded in identifying a small number of genes within the genome of mice that proved a mature cell can return to an immature state. When activated, skin cells from mice can be reprogrammed to immature stem cells, which can grow into different types of cells within the body.

Niels Bohr was a Danish physicist and philosopher who is best known for his contributions to the understanding of quantum physics and atomic structure. He was also a huge proponent of scientific research, especially about the best practices for sharing information.

The parietal lobe in Albert Einstein’s brain was 15% larger than that of an average brain. The Royal Society of London awarded him its prestigious Copely Medal in 1925 for his theory of relativity and contributions to quantum theory. He hated socks and haircuts!

Erwin Schrodinger was an Austrian physicist whose research was instrumental in the modern understanding of quantum theory. He is still called the father of quantum physics. He is less well-known for but still important in the study of color and colorimetry.

Nikola Tesla was an electrical engineer, inventor and one of the most outstanding physicists in the history of science. He had a photographic memory. He was known to memorize books and images and stockpile visions for inventions in his head. He had some strange aversions - for example, he hated round objects and jewelry, and he would not touch hair. He was also obsessed with the number 3.

Robert Oppenheimer was an American theoretical physicist. He is among the people who are often called the "father of the atomic bomb" for their role in the Manhattan Project. He co-authored a paper with Max Born that explained the separation of nuclear motion from electric motion in the mathematical treatment of molecules.

Lev Landau was a Soviet physicist who made fundamental contributions to many areas of theoretical physics. His accomplishments include the independent co-discovery of the density matrix method, the quantum mechanical theory of diamagnetism, the theory of superfluidity, and the theory of second-order phase transitions.

About Zoo

Our goal at Zoo.com is to keep you entertained in this crazy life we all live.

We want you to look inward and explore new and interesting things about yourself. We want you to look outward and marvel at the world around you. We want you to laugh at past memories that helped shape the person you’ve become. We want to dream with you about all your future holds. Our hope is our quizzes and articles inspire you to do just that.

Life is a zoo! Embrace it on Zoo.com.

Explore More Quizzes