Can you match the president to his first lady?

By: Jody Mabry

About This Quiz

Behind every President of the United States, there has been a First Lady to grace the White House. First Ladies have been trendsetters, vocal politicians and women with an agenda throughout their term. How many of these First Ladies can you name from an image?

Jacqueline Lee Bouvier is considered one of the most refined and intelligent women to have served as the first lady. This is in part due to her popularity with the press and attention to culture that modern media provided. The way she handled herself after the assassination of her husband further bolstered her strength and popularity.

Nancy Davis, like her husband President Ronald Reagan, was an actor before taking the biggest stage in America. Nancy was known as an advocate for decreasing the drug and alcohol abuse problem in America as well as what would later be deemed as the "war on drugs."

Martha Dandridge married her second husband, President George Washington, on January 6, 1759. As the first First Lady, Martha realized the importance of her role and understood that her actions would set the precedent for future presidents and first ladies. One of her first practices was a weekly reception on Friday evenings for anyone to attend.

Elizabeth Kortright married President James Monroe in 1786. The well-traveled first lady set a new focus on the White House and a refined formality to her role and social events. Unfortunately, poor health caused her to miss or retire early from many of her own social functions. In fact, her health was so bad that she and President Monroe remained in the White House three weeks after the president's term so she could recover from illness.

Michelle LaVaughn Robinson, wife and the first lady to President Barack Obama, is the first African-American woman to become the first lady. She served the country with the grace of past first ladies, yet with a strong independence reflected in modern culture. Her primary initiatives were healthy families, service members and their families, education, and education for international adolescent girls.

Dolley Payne was one of the most social and beloved women of her time. She was charming, a good conversationalist and often stood out among the men in her social circle. In fact, President Jefferson, being a widower, often requested the presence of Dolley Madison to serve as the first lady to his own functions as well as decorate the White House. Upon the death of her husband, Dolley was given an honorary seat in the U.S. Congress.

Louisa Catherine Johnson married President John Quincy Adams on July 26, 1797. While a loyal first lady to her husband, Louisa Adams was not quiet in her distaste for the role of the first lady. In fact, she often considered herself a political pawn for her thoughts on being a part of the presidency. From depression and addiction to eating chocolate shells to miserable discomfort at having to live in the White House, Louisa felt isolated. This is later demonstrated as the first person to start public tours of the White House. Her purpose though was to show that she and the president didn't live in the luxury in which they were accused of living.

Rachel Donelson married Andrew Jackson on January 7, 1794, while she was still married to a man named Lewis Robards. Robards reported he found his wife and then circuit lawyer, Andrew Jackson, in a compromising position. Donelson and family report Robards was abusive. In either case, this was the first time a candidate for president was affected politically for the actions of his marriage.

Abigail Smith was both the wife of President John Adams and the mother of President John Quincy Adams. Abigail was the first, First Lady to live in the White House in Washington D.C. She was considered an influential informal advisor to her husband and an advocate for women's rights and emancipation of slaves. The more than 1,000 letters between her and her husband are kept as a national treasure located in the Massachusetts Historical Society.

Anna Tuthill Symmes married President Harrison on November 25, 1795. Anna wasn't thrilled with her husband becoming president and chose to delay her arrival in Washington until May. He died in April, exactly a month after his term began. Anna Harrison had the shortest time as the first lady at one month and she is the first First Lady to have been widowed while her husband served as president.

Hannah Hoes was the first president's wife to be born as a U.S. citizen. Unfortunately, she passed away 18 years before her husband, President Martin Van Buren took office. Van Buren never remarried and his daughter-in-law, Angelica Singleton Van Buren, presided as the first lady in the last two years of his term.

Martha Wayles died twenty years before her husband President Thomas Jefferson became president. However, as tradition, she was posthumously named the first lady as President Jefferson never remarried. Widowed, President Jefferson often called upon first lady Dolley Madison to help as his first lady.

Letitia Christian, the wife of President Tyler, was the first first lady to die while her husband served as president. Two years before President Tyler became president, she suffered a stroke. This left her as a semi-invalid during her time as the first lady. She was only able to participate in one public function in her role.

Mary Todd was the wife of President Lincoln. She was one of the most educated first ladies and came from a wealthy, slave-owning background. With extreme spending habits, she wasn't the most popular first lady. Suffering the loss of her mother, being raised by a strict step-mother, losing three sons to death and her husband to an assassination, Mary Lincoln became depressed and was committed to a mental institution. She was freed months later and lived the remaining years of her life in her sister's home.

President James Buchanan was a life-long bachelor. His niece, Harriet Rebecca Lane, - an elegant and well-polished young woman - took on the role as the first lady. With a young, vibrant and poised attitude, Harriet Lane was a popular first lady in one of America's most tumultuous times. She is considered by many to be the first "modern" first lady, setting trends in behavior and hairstyle.

Eliza McCardle married Andrew Johnson on May 17, 1827. While she supported her husband's political aspirations, Eliza was not a fan of being thrown into the limelight. While her husband served in office, she was in poor health and often stayed away from the social aspect of the first lady which she left to her daughter, Martha Johnson Patterson.

Sarah Childress was as much an advisor to her husband, James Polk, as any. Raised with an exceptional education and wealthy background, she was seemingly raised for her role as the first lady. Privately, Sarah Polk helped her husband with his speeches, copying correspondence, and maintaining the president's sanity.

While several first ladies had difficulties accepting their role in the White House, Julia Boggs Dent relished in it. With her husband a Civil War hero and her own outgoing and friendly attitude, she was able to make the White House both a home and social circle with lavish parties. She would later refer to her time as the first lady as "the happiest period" of her life.

Jane Means Appleton married President Franklin Pierce at the age of 28. While many first ladies supported their husband's political dreams, Jane did everything she could to sway her husband from politics. She was quiet in nature and after the loss of their son, Benny, feigned actions to detract from her depression and posture in her role as the first lady.

Abigail Powers married President Millard Fillmore on February 5, 1826. Like many early first ladies, deteriorating health prevented Abigail from participating in many social functions. However, she was a voracious reader and creator of the White House Library for which she was able to obtain Congressional money to start.

Margaret Mackall Smith considered her husband's election to the presidency as a personal plot to deprive her of a peaceful retirement. She was so frustrated that she refused to perform the official duties as the first lady and instead passed the responsibilities onto her daughter, Betty. When President Taylor passed away in office, Margaret was too saddened to attend the funeral and stayed in the White House crying uncontrollably.

Lucy Ware Webb was the first lady to her husband, Rutherford B. Hayes. She graduated with a degree from Wesleyan Female College and was the first first lady with a degree. Outgoing and intelligent, she was a popular first lady who set the stage for the role of first ladies moving forward. She was dedicated to a number of causes, from mental health and education to helping the less fortunate. She loved animals and children and began the White House's traditional Easter Egg roll.

Lucretia Rudolph was a strong, dignified, and independent woman well before she married President Garfield. Her agendas were only stifled when she came down with malaria and then when her husband was assassinated. It was the gracefulness of how she handled herself as the first lady during her husband's death and funeral that led public fundraising to leave her $360,000 to live the rest of her life in comfort.

Ellen Lewis Herndon was married to President Chester A. Arthur but died of pneumonia on January 12, 1880, just before becoming the first lady. President Arthur would not allow anyone to take on the title of the first lady, although his sister, Mary, did help socially and with the care of Ellen and Chester's daughter.

Frances Clara Folsom was the youngest first lady at 21-years-old and the first first lady to marry while her husband was serving as president. Frances's lively and fun attitude gained her instant popularity and, to this day, she is considered as one of the most beloved first ladies. She would hold two receptions per week - one of which she had on Saturday afternoons so that women with jobs could attend.

Caroline Levinia Scott was the first lady to her husband, President Benjamin Harrison. Caroline was an accomplished pianist and painter before taking on her role as the first lady. While she preferred the comforts of home, she did her duty as the first lady with charm, leading agendas and providing elegant social receptions. She died of tuberculosis in 1892, partway through her husbands term.

Ida Saxton was the wife and the first lady to President McKinley. There are few examples more powerful than the love these two shared. Due to phlebitis and epileptic seizures, Ida was confirmed an invalid by the time her husband took office. This did not stop her from continuing with her duties as the first lady.Contrary to previous first ladies, Ida was frequently by her husband's side at state dinners and carried a bouquet of flowers to suggest she would not be shaking hands with guests and dignitaries. The president and first lady did not allow her condition to be a handicap and even the press and other politicians stayed away from the fact.

Edith Kermit Carow, President Theodore Roosevelt's wife, may not have been prepared for her role as the first lady, but she took it on with pride. She was able to keep both privacy in the home as well as keep the social circle of the White House intact.

Helen Louise Herron was made for the social scene and entertainment that came with the role of the first lady. The wife of President Howard Taft, Helen relished her travel and cosmopolitan life in the presidency. Despite suffering a stroke two months into her husband's term, Helen managed to overcome the obstacle and was back on her feet within two years.

Ellen Louise Axson, wife of President Wilson, died of Bright's Disease a year into office. Still, for a strong-willed woman that was enough time to address her agendas. She preferred private parties to large receptions and as a descendant of slave owners, she vowed to improve the housing in Negro slums. Her death led to the passage of a remedial bill she'd been working with in Congress.

Lou Henry was first lady to her husband, Herbert Hoover. The Hoovers were in the White House during one of the worst financial crises to affect the country. Still, Lou managed to improve the White House, from reproducing President Monroe's furniture for the sitting room to restoring Lincoln's study. The couple also entertained regularly. In a time of hardship for the country, the Hoovers used their own money for all of this instead of taking away from the country.

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was one of the most vocal and viewable first ladies to have served in the White House. Serving throughout her husband, Franklin Roosevelt's, four terms she has the most experience in the office of any first lady. She often held her own press conferences, gave lectures, radio broadcasts and traveled extensively. All of this and she still managed the social and entertaining aspect of her role.

Florence Mabel Kling was President Harding's wife and first lady. While not accustomed to the role of throwing social parties, she quickly adapted and was also known to throw regular garden parties for veterans. Despite her own health concerns, she served as the first lady with strength and focus.

Elizabeth Virginia Wallace, or as President Truman called her, Bess, wasn't thrilled with the lack of privacy in the White House. She performed her duties as the first lady, however, she did so only when required. Luckily for Bess, when the White House was being rebuilt in their second term, she could afford more privacy as the Trumans lived at another home they called Blair House.

Despite being president of the United States, President Calvin Coolidge knew his place in the White House. The first lady took precedent. Grace Anna Goodhue took her role as first lady serious, but with grace. By the time of her departure, she was considered one of the most popular first ladies in the history of the presidency. Two years later, she would be considered one of the 12 greatest living women in America.

Mamie Geneva Doud was able to enjoy her husband's post-war presidency with the ease previous first ladies of the 20th century could not. The White House under her watch hosted an unprecedented number of foreign leaders and heads of state.

Thelma Catherine Ryan, Richard Nixon's wife, used her role as the first lady to encourage volunteer service and helping others. Despite her husband's failures as president, she stood by him until her death.

Much like her husband, President Jimmy Carter, Eleanor Rosalynn Smith was an activist for human rights and seeking help for those less fortunate. Her agendas ranged from mental health, community service, and improving the lives of the elderly. She also brought national attention to the importance of performing arts.

Elizabeth Ann Bloomer, wife to President Gerald Ford, will be known for raising breast cancer awareness and her advocacy for equal rights. She battled breast cancer while in office and used her surgery as a way to promote discussion in the public.

Claudia Alta Taylor, also known as Lady Bird, was President Lyndon B. Johnson's wife and first lady. She was an intelligent woman who stepped out of the ordinary role of the first lady to directly interact with Congress in regard to improving the beauty of the country's cities and highways.

Barbara Pierce Bush served in several roles beyond that of the first lady. She served as the first lady to her husband George H.W. Bush, as well as his second lady while he was vice-president. She is also the mother of Geroge W. Bush, the 43rd president of the United States. Considered one of the most likable first ladies to take office, even prior to her husband's term, she is often adorned with the title "Grandmother the American people."

Laura Lane Welch had some tough shoes to fill when her husband, President George W. Bush, became president. Don't forget, her mother-in-law had been the second and first lady of the United States. Laura Bush became an advocate for education reform and the well-being of women and families.

Hillary Diane Rodham, wife and first lady to President Bill Clinton, would go on to have one of the most remarkable political careers in U.S. history. She served as the first lady, Senator, Secretary of State and went on to become the Democratic Presidential Nominee for U.S. President where she won the popular vote but lost the presidency in the Electoral College.

Melania Knauss married President Donald Trump in January of 2005. She is only the second first lady born outside the United States. The first was Louisa Adams. Melania is a strong advocate for performing arts and her primary initiative is the prevention of bullying.

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